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Tabellen, Toralarm, individualisierbare Ligen, Torschützen und weitere Eishockey Informationen. Unser Livescore für Eishockey ist in Echtzeit, du musst also nicht. Elite Ice Hockey League (EIHL) ist eine professionelle Eishockey-Liga im Vereinigten Königreich. Sie wurde gegründet und ging aus der Ice Hockey​. Die Eishockey Elite League Tabelle England der Saison /20 - Eishockey live Statistiken Wettpoint. Eishockey - live ticker ergebnisse. Eishockey - SPIELPLAN,ERGEBNISSE. Eishockey - Live Ergebnisse. Umfassendste statistische Website auf dem Markt. Historische Daten für zahlreiche Sportarten in mehr als Ländern.

Eishockey England

Elite Ice Hockey League (EIHL) ist eine professionelle Eishockey-Liga im Vereinigten Königreich. Sie wurde gegründet und ging aus der Ice Hockey​. Erhalten Sie Zugang zu den Elite League Ergebnissen (Eishockey - England). Spielergebnisse live. Aktualisierung in Echtzeit 24 Stunden täglich auf unserem. Über England kam Eishockey im Jahrhundert nach Europa. Doch aktuell üben nur eine Handvoll Briten den Sport aus - das allerdings mit. There are many other Spielsucht Beratung ZГјrich tactics used in the game of hockey. Not all physical contact is legal—in particular, hits from behind, hits to the head and most types of forceful stick-on-body contact are illegal. Women's ice hockey was added to the Winter Olympics in This league features 24 teams from Russia and 2 from Kazakhstan. Compared to athletes who play other sports, ice hockey players are at higher risk of overuse injuries and injuries caused by early sports specialization by teenagers. This has been interpreted by some historians from Windsor, Nova Eishockey England as reminiscent of the days when the author was a student at King's College School in that town in and earlier. Eishockey England CardiffWales. Daneben werden während der Saison zwei Pokalwettbewerbe ausgetragen. GlasgowSchottland. Altrincham Ice Go here. Manchester link, Greater Manchester. Guildford Spectrum. Zwei Jahre ist das nun. CoventryWest Midlands. Kategorie : Elite Ice Hockey League. Ganz nett, aber nicht mehr.

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Canada vs. Germany - Full Game - 2019 IIHF Ice Hockey World Championship In ice hockey, infractions of the rules lead to play stoppages whereby the play is restarted at a face Spielen-Und-Gewinnen. Retrieved June 2, Within certain restrictions, players may redirect the puck with any part of their body. Click Liga. Archived from the original on July 14,

A penalty shot is awarded to a player when the illegal actions of another player stop a clear scoring opportunity, most commonly when the player is on a breakaway.

A penalty shot allows the obstructed player to pick up the puck on the centre red-line and attempt to score on the goalie with no other players on the ice, to compensate for the earlier missed scoring opportunity.

A penalty shot is also awarded for a defender other than the goaltender covering the puck in the goal crease, a goaltender intentionally displacing his own goal posts during a breakaway to avoid a goal, a defender intentionally displacing his own goal posts when there is less than two minutes to play in regulation time or at any point during overtime, or a player or coach intentionally throwing a stick or other object at the puck or the puck carrier and the throwing action disrupts a shot or pass play.

Officials also stop play for puck movement violations, such as using one's hands to pass the puck in the offensive end, but no players are penalized for these offences.

The sole exceptions are deliberately falling on or gathering the puck to the body, carrying the puck in the hand, and shooting the puck out of play in one's defensive zone all penalized two minutes for delay of game.

In the NHL, a unique penalty applies to the goalies. The goalies now are forbidden to play the puck in the "corners" of the rink near their own net.

This will result in a two-minute penalty against the goalie's team. Only in the area in-front of the goal line and immediately behind the net marked by two red lines on either side of the net the goalie can play the puck.

An additional rule that has never been a penalty, but was an infraction in the NHL before recent rules changes, is the two-line offside pass.

Prior to the —06 NHL season, play was stopped when a pass from inside a team's defending zone crossed the centre line, with a face-off held in the defending zone of the offending team.

Players are now able to pass to teammates who are more than the blue and centre ice red line away. The NHL has taken steps to speed up the game of hockey and create a game of finesse, by retreating from the past when illegal hits, fights, and "clutching and grabbing" among players were commonplace.

Rules are now more strictly enforced, resulting in more penalties, which in turn provides more protection to the players and facilitates more goals being scored.

The governing body for United States' amateur hockey has implemented many new rules to reduce the number of stick-on-body occurrences, as well as other detrimental and illegal facets of the game "zero tolerance".

In men's hockey, but not in women's, a player may use his hip or shoulder to hit another player if the player has the puck or is the last to have touched it.

This use of the hip and shoulder is called body checking. Not all physical contact is legal—in particular, hits from behind, hits to the head and most types of forceful stick-on-body contact are illegal.

A delayed penalty call occurs when a penalty offence is committed by the team that does not have possession of the puck.

In this circumstance the team with possession of the puck is allowed to complete the play; that is, play continues until a goal is scored, a player on the opposing team gains control of the puck, or the team in possession commits an infraction or penalty of their own.

Because the team on which the penalty was called cannot control the puck without stopping play, it is impossible for them to score a goal.

In these cases, the team in possession of the puck can pull the goalie for an extra attacker without fear of being scored on.

However, it is possible for the controlling team to mishandle the puck into their own net. If a delayed penalty is signalled and the team in possession scores, the penalty is still assessed to the offending player, but not served.

In college games, the penalty is still enforced even if the team in possession scores. A typical game of hockey is governed by two to four officials on the ice, charged with enforcing the rules of the game.

There are typically two linesmen who are mainly responsible for calling "offside" and " icing " violations, breaking up fights, and conducting faceoffs, [59] and one or two referees , [60] who call goals and all other penalties.

Linesmen can, however, report to the referee s that a penalty should be assessed against an offending player in some situations. On-ice officials are assisted by off-ice officials who act as goal judges, time keepers, and official scorers.

The most widespread system in use today is the "three-man system", that uses one referee and two linesmen. Another less commonly used system is the two referee and one linesman system.

This system is very close to the regular three-man system except for a few procedure changes. With the first being the National Hockey League, a number of leagues have started to implement the "four-official system", where an additional referee is added to aid in the calling of penalties normally difficult to assess by one single referee.

Officials are selected by the league they work for. Amateur hockey leagues use guidelines established by national organizing bodies as a basis for choosing their officiating staffs.

In North America, the national organizing bodies Hockey Canada and USA Hockey approve officials according to their experience level as well as their ability to pass rules knowledge and skating ability tests.

Hockey Canada has officiating levels I through VI. Since men's ice hockey is a full contact sport, body checks are allowed so injuries are a common occurrence.

Protective equipment is mandatory and is enforced in all competitive situations. This includes a helmet with either a visor or a full face mask, shoulder pads, elbow pads, mouth guard, protective gloves, heavily padded shorts also known as hockey pants or a girdle, athletic cup also known as a jock, for males; and jill, for females , shin pads, skates, and optionally a neck protector.

Goaltenders use different equipment. Goaltenders wear specialized goalie skates these skates are built more for movement side to side rather than forwards and backwards , a jock or jill, large leg pads there are size restrictions in certain leagues , blocking glove, catching glove, a chest protector, a goalie mask, and a large jersey.

Goaltenders' equipment has continually become larger and larger, leading to fewer goals in each game and many official rule changes.

Hockey skates are optimized for physical acceleration, speed and manoeuvrability. This includes rapid starts, stops, turns, and changes in skating direction.

In addition, they must be rigid and tough to protect the skater's feet from contact with other skaters, sticks, pucks, the boards, and the ice itself.

Rigidity also improves the overall manoeuvrability of the skate. Hockey players usually adjust these parameters based on their skill level, position, and body type.

The hockey stick consists of a long, relatively wide, and slightly curved flat blade, attached to a shaft.

The curve itself has a big impact on its performance. A deep curve allows for lifting the puck easier while a shallow curve allows for easier backhand shots.

The flex of the stick also impacts the performance. Typically, a less flexible stick is meant for a stronger player since the player is looking for the right balanced flex that allows the stick to flex easily while still having a strong "whip-back" which sends the puck flying at high speeds.

It is quite distinct from sticks in other sports games and most suited to hitting and controlling the flat puck.

Its unique shape contributed to the early development of the game. Ice hockey is a full contact sport and carries a high risk of injury.

Skate blades, hockey sticks, shoulder contact, hip contact, and hockey pucks can all potentially cause injuries. The types of injuries associated with hockey include: lacerations, concussions, contusions, ligament tears, broken bones, hyperextensions, and muscle strains.

Women's ice hockey players are allowed to contact other players but are not allowed to body check.

Compared to athletes who play other sports, ice hockey players are at higher risk of overuse injuries and injuries caused by early sports specialization by teenagers.

According to the Hughston Health Alert, "Lacerations to the head, scalp, and face are the most frequent types of injury [in hockey].

One of the leading causes of head injury is body checking from behind. Due to the danger of delivering a check from behind, many leagues, including the NHL have made this a major and game misconduct penalty called "boarding".

Another type of check that accounts for many of the player-to-player contact concussions is a check to the head resulting in a misconduct penalty called "head contact".

A check to the head can be defined as delivering a hit while the receiving player's head is down and their waist is bent and the aggressor is targeting the opponent player's head.

The most dangerous result of a head injury in hockey can be classified as a concussion. Most concussions occur during player-to-player contact rather than when a player is checked into the boards.

In recent years, the NHL has implemented new rules which penalize and suspend players for illegal checks to the heads, as well as checks to unsuspecting players.

Concussions that players suffer may go unreported because there is no obvious physical signs if a player is not knocked unconscious.

This can prove to be dangerous if a player decides to return to play without receiving proper medical attention. Studies show that ice hockey causes Occurrences of death from these injuries are rare.

An important defensive tactic is checking—attempting to take the puck from an opponent or to remove the opponent from play.

Stick checking , sweep checking , and poke checking are legal uses of the stick to obtain possession of the puck. The neutral zone trap is designed to isolate the puck carrier in the neutral zone preventing him from entering the offensive zone.

Body checking is using one's shoulder or hip to strike an opponent who has the puck or who is the last to have touched it the last person to have touched the puck is still legally "in possession" of it, although a penalty is generally called if he is checked more than two seconds after his last touch.

Body checking is also a penalty in certain leagues in order to reduce the chance of injury to players.

Often the term checking is used to refer to body checking, with its true definition generally only propagated among fans of the game.

Offensive tactics include improving a team's position on the ice by advancing the puck out of one's zone towards the opponent's zone, progressively by gaining lines, first your own blue line, then the red line and finally the opponent's blue line.

NHL rules instated for the season redefined the offside rule to make the two-line pass legal; a player may pass the puck from behind his own blue line, past both that blue line and the centre red line, to a player on the near side of the opponents' blue line.

Offensive tactics are designed ultimately to score a goal by taking a shot. When a player purposely directs the puck towards the opponent's goal, he or she is said to "shoot" the puck.

A deflection is a shot that redirects a shot or a pass towards the goal from another player, by allowing the puck to strike the stick and carom towards the goal.

A one-timer is a shot struck directly off a pass, without receiving the pass and shooting in two separate actions. Headmanning the puck , also known as breaking out , is the tactic of rapidly passing to the player farthest down the ice.

Loafing , also known as cherry-picking , is when a player, usually a forward, skates behind an attacking team, instead of playing defence, in an attempt to create an easy scoring chance.

A team that is losing by one or two goals in the last few minutes of play will often elect to pull the goalie ; that is, remove the goaltender and replace him or her with an extra attacker on the ice in the hope of gaining enough advantage to score a goal.

However, it is an act of desperation, as it sometimes leads to the opposing team extending their lead by scoring a goal in the empty net.

One of the most important strategies for a team is their forecheck. Forechecking is the act of attacking the opposition in their defensive zone.

Forechecking is an important part of the dump and chase strategy i. Each team will use their own unique system but the main ones are: 2—1—2 , 1—2—2, and 1—4.

The 2—1—2 is the most basic forecheck system where two forwards will go in deep and pressure the opposition's defencemen, the third forward stays high and the two defencemen stay at the blueline.

The 1—2—2 is a bit more conservative system where one forward pressures the puck carrier and the other two forwards cover the oppositions' wingers, with the two defencemen staying at the blueline.

The 1—4 is the most defensive forecheck system, referred to as the neutral zone trap, where one forward will apply pressure to the puck carrier around the oppositions' blueline and the other 4 players stand basically in a line by their blueline in hopes the opposition will skate into one of them.

Another strategy is the left wing lock , which has two forwards pressure the puck and the left wing and the two defencemen stay at the blueline.

There are many other little tactics used in the game of hockey. Cycling moves the puck along the boards in the offensive zone to create a scoring chance by making defenders tired or moving them out of position.

Pinching is when a defenceman pressures the opposition's winger in the offensive zone when they are breaking out, attempting to stop their attack and keep the puck in the offensive zone.

A saucer pass is a pass used when an opposition's stick or body is in the passing lane. It is the act of raising the puck over the obstruction and having it land on a teammate's stick.

A deke , short for "decoy", is a feint with the body or stick to fool a defender or the goalie. Many modern players, such as Pavel Datsyuk , Sidney Crosby and Patrick Kane , have picked up the skill of "dangling", which is fancier deking and requires more stick handling skills.

Although fighting is officially prohibited in the rules, it is not an uncommon occurrence at the professional level, and its prevalence has been both a target of criticism and a considerable draw for the sport.

At the professional level in North America fights are unofficially condoned. Enforcers and other players fight to demoralize the opposing players while exciting their own, as well as settling personal scores.

A fight will also break out if one of the team's skilled players gets hit hard or someone receives what the team perceives as a dirty hit.

The amateur game penalizes fisticuffs more harshly, as a player who receives a fighting major is also assessed at least a minute misconduct penalty NCAA and some Junior leagues or a game misconduct penalty and suspension high school and younger, as well as some casual adult leagues.

Ice hockey is one of the fastest growing women's sports in the world, with the number of participants increasing by percent from to The chief difference between women's and men's ice hockey is that body checking is prohibited in women's hockey.

After the Women's World Championship, body checking was eliminated in women's hockey. In current IIHF women's competition, body checking is either a minor or major penalty , decided at the referee's discretion.

In Canada, to some extent ringette has served as the female counterpart to ice hockey, in the sense that traditionally, boys have played hockey while girls have played ringette.

Women are known to have played the game in the 19th century. Several games were recorded in the s in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The women of Lord Stanley's family were known to participate in the game of ice hockey on the outdoor ice rink at Rideau Hall , the residence of Canada's Governor-General.

The game developed at first without an organizing body. A tournament in between Montreal and Trois-Rivieres was billed as the first championship tournament.

Several tournaments, such as at the Banff Winter Carnival, were held in the early 20th century and numerous women's teams such as the Seattle Vamps and Vancouver Amazons existed.

Starting in the s, the game spread to universities. Today, the sport is played from youth through adult leagues, and in the universities of North America and internationally.

The first women's world championship tournament, albeit unofficial, was held in in Toronto , Ontario, Canada.

Women's ice hockey was added as a medal sport at the Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan. The United States won the gold, Canada won the silver and Finland won the bronze medal.

Louis Blues. With interest in women's ice hockey growing, between and the number of registered female players worldwide grew from , to , The future of international women's ice hockey was discussed at the World Hockey Summit in , and IIHF member associations could work together.

She stated the European players were talented, but their respective national team programs were not given the same level of support as the European men's national teams, or the North American women's national teams.

The CWHL was founded in and originally consisted of seven teams in Canada, but had several membership changes including adding a team in the United States in When the league launched, its players were only compensated for travel and equipment.

The league began paying its players a stipend in the —18 season when the league launched its first teams in China. The league expanded to five teams in with the addition of the formerly independent Minnesota Whitecaps.

On April 22, , the NWHL officially announced that Toronto was awarded an expansion team for the —21 season growing the league to six teams.

The NHL is by far the best attended and most popular ice hockey league in the world, and is among the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.

The league's history began after Canada's National Hockey Association decided to disband in ; the result was the creation of the National Hockey League with four teams.

The league expanded to the United States beginning in and had as many as 10 teams before contracting to six teams by — In , the NHL doubled in size to 12 teams, undertaking one of the greatest expansions in professional sports history.

A few years later, in , a new team league, the World Hockey Association WHA was formed and due to its ensuing rivalry with the NHL, it caused an escalation in players salaries.

It comprises 31 teams from the United States and Canada. U Sports ice hockey is the highest level of play at the Canadian university level under the auspices of U Sports, Canada's governing body for university sports.

As these players compete at the university level, they are obligated to follow the rule of standard eligibility of five years.

The American Collegiate Hockey Association is composed of college teams at the club level. It attracts players from Canada, the United States and Europe.

The major junior players are considered amateurs as they are under years-old and not paid a salary, however, they do get a stipend and play a schedule similar to a professional league.

Typically, the NHL drafts many players directly from the major junior leagues. Players in this league are also amateur with players required to be under years old, but do not get a stipend, which allows players to retain their eligibility for participation in NCAA ice hockey.

The league is the direct successor to the Russian Super League , which in turn was the successor to the Soviet League , the history of which dates back to the Soviet adoption of ice hockey in the s.

The KHL was launched in with clubs predominantly from Russia, but featuring teams from other post-Soviet states.

The league expanded beyond the former Soviet countries beginning in the —12 season , with clubs in Croatia and Slovakia. This league features 24 teams from Russia and 2 from Kazakhstan.

The third division is the Russian Hockey League , which features only teams from Russia. It features 32 teams from post-Soviet states, predominantly Russia.

Several countries in Europe have their own top professional senior leagues. Beginning in the —15 season, the Champions Hockey League was launched, a league consisting of first-tier teams from several European countries, running parallel to the teams' domestic leagues.

The competition is meant to serve as a Europe-wide ice hockey club championship. The competition is a direct successor to the European Trophy and is related to the —09 tournament of the same name.

There are also several annual tournaments for clubs, held outside of league play. One of the oldest international ice hockey competition for clubs is the Spengler Cup , held every year in Davos , Switzerland, between Christmas and New Year's Day.

The Memorial Cup , a competition for junior-level age 20 and under clubs is held annually from a pool of junior championship teams in Canada and the United States.

The World Junior Club Cup is an annual tournament of junior ice hockey clubs representing each of the top junior leagues. As of , the two top teams of the previous season from each league compete in the Trans-Tasman Champions League.

Ice hockey in Africa is a small but growing sport; while no African ice hockey playing nation has a domestic national leagues, there are several regional leagues in South Africa.

Ice hockey has been played at the Winter Olympics since and was played at the summer games in Hockey is Canada's national winter sport, and Canadians are extremely passionate about the game.

The nation has traditionally done very well at the Olympic games, winning 6 of the first 7 gold medals.

However, by its amateur club teams and national teams could not compete with the teams of government-supported players from the Soviet Union.

The USSR won all but two gold medals from to The United States won its first gold medal in On the way to winning the gold medal at the Lake Placid Olympics , amateur US college players defeated the heavily favoured Soviet squad—an event known as the " Miracle on Ice " in the United States.

Restrictions on professional players were fully dropped at the games in Calgary. NHL agreed to participate ten years later.

Teams are selected from the available players by the individual federations, without restriction on amateur or professional status.

Since it is held in the spring, the tournament coincides with the annual NHL Stanley Cup playoffs and many of the top players are hence not available to participate in the tournament.

Many of the NHL players who do play in the IIHF tournament come from teams eliminated before the playoffs or in the first round, and federations often hold open spots until the tournament to allow for players to join the tournament after their club team is eliminated.

For many years, the tournament was an amateur-only tournament, but this restriction was removed, beginning in In the spirit of best-versus-best without restrictions on amateur or professional status, the series were followed by five Canada Cup tournaments, played in North America.

The United States won in and Canada won in and Since the initial women's world championships in , there have been fifteen tournaments.

The annual Euro Hockey Tour , an unofficial European championship between the national men's teams of the Czech Republic, Finland, Russia and Sweden have been played since — The attendance record for an ice hockey game was set on December 11, , when the University of Michigan 's men's ice hockey team faced cross-state rival Michigan State in an event billed as " The Big Chill at the Big House ".

The game was played at Michigan's American football venue, Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor , with a capacity of , as of the football season.

When UM stopped sales to the public on May 6, , with plans to reserve remaining tickets for students, over , tickets had been sold for the event.

Guinness World Records , using a count of ticketed fans who actually entered the stadium instead of UM's figure of tickets sold, announced a final figure of , The record was approached but not broken at the NHL Winter Classic , which also held at Michigan Stadium, with the Detroit Red Wings as the home team and the Toronto Maple Leafs as the opposing team with an announced crowd of , Number of registered hockey players, including male, female and junior, provided by the respective countries' federations.

Note that this list only includes the 38 of 81 IIHF member countries with more than 1, registered players as of October Pond hockey is a form of ice hockey played generally as pick-up hockey on lakes, ponds and artificial outdoor rinks during the winter.

Pond hockey is commonly referred to in hockey circles as shinny. Its rules differ from traditional hockey because there is no hitting and very little shooting, placing a greater emphasis on skating, stickhandling and passing abilities.

Sledge hockey is an adaption of ice hockey designed for players who have a physical disability. Players are seated in sleds and use a specialized hockey stick that also helps the player navigate on the ice.

The sport was created in Sweden in the early s, and is played under similar rules to ice hockey. Ice hockey is the official winter sport of Canada.

Ice hockey, partially because of its popularity as a major professional sport, has been a source of inspiration for numerous films, television episodes and songs in North American popular culture.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Ice hockey disambiguation. The Toronto Maple Leafs white defend their goal against the Washington Capitals red during the first round of the Stanley Cup playoffs.

Main article: Penalty ice hockey. Main article: Official ice hockey. Main article: Ice hockey equipment. Main article: Checking ice hockey.

Main articles: Shot ice hockey , Slapshot , Wrist shot , Snap shot ice hockey , Backhand slapshot , Offside ice hockey , Extra attacker , and Deke ice hockey.

Main article: Fighting in ice hockey. See also: Canadian women's ice hockey history and History of women's ice hockey in the United States.

Main article: List of ice hockey leagues. Main article: List of ice hockey games with highest attendance. Main article: Pond hockey.

Main article: Sledge hockey. Main article: Ice hockey in popular culture. Ice hockey portal. Retrieved September 18, Retrieved October 20, Retrieved February 24, On the Origin of Hockey.

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Ice hockey sticks are long L-shaped sticks made of wood, graphite , or composites with a blade at the bottom that can lie flat on the playing surface when the stick is held upright and can legally curve either way, for left - or right-handed players.

Ice sledge hockey or para ice hockey is a form of ice hockey designed for players with physical disabilities affecting their lower bodies.

Players sit on double-bladed sledges and use two sticks; each stick has a blade at one end and small picks at the other.

Players use the sticks to pass, stickhandle and shoot the puck, and to propel their sledges. The rules are very similar to IIHF ice hockey rules.

Canada is a recognized international leader in the development of sledge hockey, and much of the equipment for the sport was first developed there, such as sledge hockey sticks laminated with fiberglass , as well as aluminum shafts with hand-carved insert blades and special aluminum sledges with regulation skate blades.

Based on ice sledge hockey, inline sledge hockey is played to the same rules as inline puck hockey essentially ice hockey played off-ice using inline skates.

There is no classification point system dictating who can play inline sledge hockey, unlike the situation with other team sports such as wheelchair basketball and wheelchair rugby.

Inline sledge hockey is being developed to allow everyone, regardless of whether they have a disability or not, to complete up to world championship level based solely on talent and ability.

Matt Lloyd is credited with inventing inline sledge hockey, and Great Britain is seen as the international leader in the game's development.

Inline hockey is a variation of roller hockey very similar to ice hockey , from which it is derived. Inline hockey is played by two teams, consisting of four skaters and one goalie, on a dry rink divided into two halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink.

The game is played in three minute periods with a variation of the ice hockey off-side rule.

Icings are also called, but are usually referred to as illegal clearing. Roller hockey, also known as quad hockey, international-style ball hockey, rink hockey and Hoquei em Patins, is an overarching name for a roller sport that has existed since long before inline skates were invented.

This sport is played in over sixty countries and has a worldwide following. Roller hockey was a demonstration sport at the Barcelona Summer Olympics.

Also known as road hockey, this is a dry-land variant of ice and roller hockey played year-round on a hard surface usually asphalt.

A ball is usually used instead of a puck, and protective equipment is not usually worn. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sport.

For other uses, see Hockey disambiguation. Main article: Bandy. Main article: Field hockey. Main article: Ice hockey.

Main article: Ice sledge hockey. Main article: Roller in-line hockey. Main article: Roller hockey quad. Main article: Street hockey.

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Survey of London. Book 1, pp. Sport and the Making of Britain. Manchester University Press. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved Archaiologikon Deltion.

The New York Times. Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 19 October Retrieved 9 April The Times of India. Retrieved 15 November The Sport Journal.

Erhalten Sie Zugang zu den Elite League Ergebnissen (Eishockey - England). Spielergebnisse live. Aktualisierung in Echtzeit 24 Stunden täglich auf unserem. Die Entwicklung Eishockey allenfalls eine Karriere in einer Hobbytruppe möglich. Die kanadischen Eishockeycracks»infizierten«erst England, von dort aus. Eishockey 14 – das Spiel Fußball ist König, Eishockey der Kronprinz – so die in Die kanadischen Eishockeycracks»infizierten«erst England, von dort aus. Über England kam Eishockey im Jahrhundert nach Europa. Doch aktuell üben nur eine Handvoll Briten den Sport aus - das allerdings mit. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Source bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Icon: Menü Menü. Mit einem Zuschauerschnitt von 2. Denn auch Hand wusste, wo das Tor steht, Scorerpunkte hat er in seiner Karriere gesammelt. Am Samstag ManchesterGreater Manchester. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Zwischen beiden Ligen gibt es keinen Auf- oder Absteiger. Die beiden Halbfinalspiele und das Finale werden in einem Turnier in Nottingham ausgetragen. GuildfordThis web page. BelfastNordirland. Kategorie : Link Ice Hockey League. Pfeil nach links. Die beiden Halbfinalspiele und das Finale werden in einem Turnier in Nottingham ausgetragen. Daneben werden während der Saison zwei Pokalwettbewerbe ausgetragen. Doch so hart es auf dem Eis zugeht, so familiär ist das Publikum.

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Von beiden Gruppen gelangen die beiden besten Mannschaften in die Halbfinals. Teilweise stellten sie nicht mal mehr ein Team. Premier Sports. Glasgow , Schottland. Melden Sie sich an und diskutieren Sie mit Anmelden Pfeil nach rechts. Ein Brite und Eishockey? Für den Challenge Cup werden die zehn Mannschaften in zwei Fünfergruppen aufgeteilt.

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DundeeSchottland. Jede Mannschaft hat zwei Heimspiele und zwei Auswärtsspiele. Nach Auskunft des Weltverbandes gibt es unter den knapp 66 Millionen Briten exakt männliche Spieler. Die Go here werden in Hin- und Rückspiel ausgetragen. CardiffWales. Doch so hart es auf dem Eis zugeht, so familiär ist das Publikum. Damals musste Tony Hand ein paar Autogramme geben, aber niemand wollte wissen, wie es um seine Nachfolger in der Nationalmannschaft steht. Zwei Jahre ist das nun. Denn auch Hand wusste, wo das Tor steht, Scorerpunkte hat er in seiner Kostenlos Poker Software gesammelt. Eishockey England

Hockey skates are optimized for physical acceleration, speed and manoeuvrability. This includes rapid starts, stops, turns, and changes in skating direction.

In addition, they must be rigid and tough to protect the skater's feet from contact with other skaters, sticks, pucks, the boards, and the ice itself.

Rigidity also improves the overall manoeuvrability of the skate. Hockey players usually adjust these parameters based on their skill level, position, and body type.

The hockey stick consists of a long, relatively wide, and slightly curved flat blade, attached to a shaft.

The curve itself has a big impact on its performance. A deep curve allows for lifting the puck easier while a shallow curve allows for easier backhand shots.

The flex of the stick also impacts the performance. Typically, a less flexible stick is meant for a stronger player since the player is looking for the right balanced flex that allows the stick to flex easily while still having a strong "whip-back" which sends the puck flying at high speeds.

It is quite distinct from sticks in other sports games and most suited to hitting and controlling the flat puck.

Its unique shape contributed to the early development of the game. Ice hockey is a full contact sport and carries a high risk of injury.

Skate blades, hockey sticks, shoulder contact, hip contact, and hockey pucks can all potentially cause injuries.

The types of injuries associated with hockey include: lacerations, concussions, contusions, ligament tears, broken bones, hyperextensions, and muscle strains.

Women's ice hockey players are allowed to contact other players but are not allowed to body check. Compared to athletes who play other sports, ice hockey players are at higher risk of overuse injuries and injuries caused by early sports specialization by teenagers.

According to the Hughston Health Alert, "Lacerations to the head, scalp, and face are the most frequent types of injury [in hockey].

One of the leading causes of head injury is body checking from behind. Due to the danger of delivering a check from behind, many leagues, including the NHL have made this a major and game misconduct penalty called "boarding".

Another type of check that accounts for many of the player-to-player contact concussions is a check to the head resulting in a misconduct penalty called "head contact".

A check to the head can be defined as delivering a hit while the receiving player's head is down and their waist is bent and the aggressor is targeting the opponent player's head.

The most dangerous result of a head injury in hockey can be classified as a concussion. Most concussions occur during player-to-player contact rather than when a player is checked into the boards.

In recent years, the NHL has implemented new rules which penalize and suspend players for illegal checks to the heads, as well as checks to unsuspecting players.

Concussions that players suffer may go unreported because there is no obvious physical signs if a player is not knocked unconscious.

This can prove to be dangerous if a player decides to return to play without receiving proper medical attention. Studies show that ice hockey causes Occurrences of death from these injuries are rare.

An important defensive tactic is checking—attempting to take the puck from an opponent or to remove the opponent from play.

Stick checking , sweep checking , and poke checking are legal uses of the stick to obtain possession of the puck.

The neutral zone trap is designed to isolate the puck carrier in the neutral zone preventing him from entering the offensive zone.

Body checking is using one's shoulder or hip to strike an opponent who has the puck or who is the last to have touched it the last person to have touched the puck is still legally "in possession" of it, although a penalty is generally called if he is checked more than two seconds after his last touch.

Body checking is also a penalty in certain leagues in order to reduce the chance of injury to players. Often the term checking is used to refer to body checking, with its true definition generally only propagated among fans of the game.

Offensive tactics include improving a team's position on the ice by advancing the puck out of one's zone towards the opponent's zone, progressively by gaining lines, first your own blue line, then the red line and finally the opponent's blue line.

NHL rules instated for the season redefined the offside rule to make the two-line pass legal; a player may pass the puck from behind his own blue line, past both that blue line and the centre red line, to a player on the near side of the opponents' blue line.

Offensive tactics are designed ultimately to score a goal by taking a shot. When a player purposely directs the puck towards the opponent's goal, he or she is said to "shoot" the puck.

A deflection is a shot that redirects a shot or a pass towards the goal from another player, by allowing the puck to strike the stick and carom towards the goal.

A one-timer is a shot struck directly off a pass, without receiving the pass and shooting in two separate actions. Headmanning the puck , also known as breaking out , is the tactic of rapidly passing to the player farthest down the ice.

Loafing , also known as cherry-picking , is when a player, usually a forward, skates behind an attacking team, instead of playing defence, in an attempt to create an easy scoring chance.

A team that is losing by one or two goals in the last few minutes of play will often elect to pull the goalie ; that is, remove the goaltender and replace him or her with an extra attacker on the ice in the hope of gaining enough advantage to score a goal.

However, it is an act of desperation, as it sometimes leads to the opposing team extending their lead by scoring a goal in the empty net.

One of the most important strategies for a team is their forecheck. Forechecking is the act of attacking the opposition in their defensive zone.

Forechecking is an important part of the dump and chase strategy i. Each team will use their own unique system but the main ones are: 2—1—2 , 1—2—2, and 1—4.

The 2—1—2 is the most basic forecheck system where two forwards will go in deep and pressure the opposition's defencemen, the third forward stays high and the two defencemen stay at the blueline.

The 1—2—2 is a bit more conservative system where one forward pressures the puck carrier and the other two forwards cover the oppositions' wingers, with the two defencemen staying at the blueline.

The 1—4 is the most defensive forecheck system, referred to as the neutral zone trap, where one forward will apply pressure to the puck carrier around the oppositions' blueline and the other 4 players stand basically in a line by their blueline in hopes the opposition will skate into one of them.

Another strategy is the left wing lock , which has two forwards pressure the puck and the left wing and the two defencemen stay at the blueline.

There are many other little tactics used in the game of hockey. Cycling moves the puck along the boards in the offensive zone to create a scoring chance by making defenders tired or moving them out of position.

Pinching is when a defenceman pressures the opposition's winger in the offensive zone when they are breaking out, attempting to stop their attack and keep the puck in the offensive zone.

A saucer pass is a pass used when an opposition's stick or body is in the passing lane. It is the act of raising the puck over the obstruction and having it land on a teammate's stick.

A deke , short for "decoy", is a feint with the body or stick to fool a defender or the goalie. Many modern players, such as Pavel Datsyuk , Sidney Crosby and Patrick Kane , have picked up the skill of "dangling", which is fancier deking and requires more stick handling skills.

Although fighting is officially prohibited in the rules, it is not an uncommon occurrence at the professional level, and its prevalence has been both a target of criticism and a considerable draw for the sport.

At the professional level in North America fights are unofficially condoned. Enforcers and other players fight to demoralize the opposing players while exciting their own, as well as settling personal scores.

A fight will also break out if one of the team's skilled players gets hit hard or someone receives what the team perceives as a dirty hit.

The amateur game penalizes fisticuffs more harshly, as a player who receives a fighting major is also assessed at least a minute misconduct penalty NCAA and some Junior leagues or a game misconduct penalty and suspension high school and younger, as well as some casual adult leagues.

Ice hockey is one of the fastest growing women's sports in the world, with the number of participants increasing by percent from to The chief difference between women's and men's ice hockey is that body checking is prohibited in women's hockey.

After the Women's World Championship, body checking was eliminated in women's hockey. In current IIHF women's competition, body checking is either a minor or major penalty , decided at the referee's discretion.

In Canada, to some extent ringette has served as the female counterpart to ice hockey, in the sense that traditionally, boys have played hockey while girls have played ringette.

Women are known to have played the game in the 19th century. Several games were recorded in the s in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

The women of Lord Stanley's family were known to participate in the game of ice hockey on the outdoor ice rink at Rideau Hall , the residence of Canada's Governor-General.

The game developed at first without an organizing body. A tournament in between Montreal and Trois-Rivieres was billed as the first championship tournament.

Several tournaments, such as at the Banff Winter Carnival, were held in the early 20th century and numerous women's teams such as the Seattle Vamps and Vancouver Amazons existed.

Starting in the s, the game spread to universities. Today, the sport is played from youth through adult leagues, and in the universities of North America and internationally.

The first women's world championship tournament, albeit unofficial, was held in in Toronto , Ontario, Canada. Women's ice hockey was added as a medal sport at the Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.

The United States won the gold, Canada won the silver and Finland won the bronze medal. Louis Blues. With interest in women's ice hockey growing, between and the number of registered female players worldwide grew from , to , The future of international women's ice hockey was discussed at the World Hockey Summit in , and IIHF member associations could work together.

She stated the European players were talented, but their respective national team programs were not given the same level of support as the European men's national teams, or the North American women's national teams.

The CWHL was founded in and originally consisted of seven teams in Canada, but had several membership changes including adding a team in the United States in When the league launched, its players were only compensated for travel and equipment.

The league began paying its players a stipend in the —18 season when the league launched its first teams in China. The league expanded to five teams in with the addition of the formerly independent Minnesota Whitecaps.

On April 22, , the NWHL officially announced that Toronto was awarded an expansion team for the —21 season growing the league to six teams.

The NHL is by far the best attended and most popular ice hockey league in the world, and is among the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada.

The league's history began after Canada's National Hockey Association decided to disband in ; the result was the creation of the National Hockey League with four teams.

The league expanded to the United States beginning in and had as many as 10 teams before contracting to six teams by — In , the NHL doubled in size to 12 teams, undertaking one of the greatest expansions in professional sports history.

A few years later, in , a new team league, the World Hockey Association WHA was formed and due to its ensuing rivalry with the NHL, it caused an escalation in players salaries.

It comprises 31 teams from the United States and Canada. U Sports ice hockey is the highest level of play at the Canadian university level under the auspices of U Sports, Canada's governing body for university sports.

As these players compete at the university level, they are obligated to follow the rule of standard eligibility of five years.

The American Collegiate Hockey Association is composed of college teams at the club level. It attracts players from Canada, the United States and Europe.

The major junior players are considered amateurs as they are under years-old and not paid a salary, however, they do get a stipend and play a schedule similar to a professional league.

Typically, the NHL drafts many players directly from the major junior leagues. Players in this league are also amateur with players required to be under years old, but do not get a stipend, which allows players to retain their eligibility for participation in NCAA ice hockey.

The league is the direct successor to the Russian Super League , which in turn was the successor to the Soviet League , the history of which dates back to the Soviet adoption of ice hockey in the s.

The KHL was launched in with clubs predominantly from Russia, but featuring teams from other post-Soviet states. The league expanded beyond the former Soviet countries beginning in the —12 season , with clubs in Croatia and Slovakia.

This league features 24 teams from Russia and 2 from Kazakhstan. The third division is the Russian Hockey League , which features only teams from Russia.

It features 32 teams from post-Soviet states, predominantly Russia. Several countries in Europe have their own top professional senior leagues.

Beginning in the —15 season, the Champions Hockey League was launched, a league consisting of first-tier teams from several European countries, running parallel to the teams' domestic leagues.

The competition is meant to serve as a Europe-wide ice hockey club championship. The competition is a direct successor to the European Trophy and is related to the —09 tournament of the same name.

There are also several annual tournaments for clubs, held outside of league play. One of the oldest international ice hockey competition for clubs is the Spengler Cup , held every year in Davos , Switzerland, between Christmas and New Year's Day.

The Memorial Cup , a competition for junior-level age 20 and under clubs is held annually from a pool of junior championship teams in Canada and the United States.

The World Junior Club Cup is an annual tournament of junior ice hockey clubs representing each of the top junior leagues.

As of , the two top teams of the previous season from each league compete in the Trans-Tasman Champions League.

Ice hockey in Africa is a small but growing sport; while no African ice hockey playing nation has a domestic national leagues, there are several regional leagues in South Africa.

Ice hockey has been played at the Winter Olympics since and was played at the summer games in Hockey is Canada's national winter sport, and Canadians are extremely passionate about the game.

The nation has traditionally done very well at the Olympic games, winning 6 of the first 7 gold medals.

However, by its amateur club teams and national teams could not compete with the teams of government-supported players from the Soviet Union.

The USSR won all but two gold medals from to The United States won its first gold medal in On the way to winning the gold medal at the Lake Placid Olympics , amateur US college players defeated the heavily favoured Soviet squad—an event known as the " Miracle on Ice " in the United States.

Restrictions on professional players were fully dropped at the games in Calgary. NHL agreed to participate ten years later. Teams are selected from the available players by the individual federations, without restriction on amateur or professional status.

Since it is held in the spring, the tournament coincides with the annual NHL Stanley Cup playoffs and many of the top players are hence not available to participate in the tournament.

Many of the NHL players who do play in the IIHF tournament come from teams eliminated before the playoffs or in the first round, and federations often hold open spots until the tournament to allow for players to join the tournament after their club team is eliminated.

For many years, the tournament was an amateur-only tournament, but this restriction was removed, beginning in In the spirit of best-versus-best without restrictions on amateur or professional status, the series were followed by five Canada Cup tournaments, played in North America.

The United States won in and Canada won in and Since the initial women's world championships in , there have been fifteen tournaments.

The annual Euro Hockey Tour , an unofficial European championship between the national men's teams of the Czech Republic, Finland, Russia and Sweden have been played since — The attendance record for an ice hockey game was set on December 11, , when the University of Michigan 's men's ice hockey team faced cross-state rival Michigan State in an event billed as " The Big Chill at the Big House ".

The game was played at Michigan's American football venue, Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor , with a capacity of , as of the football season.

When UM stopped sales to the public on May 6, , with plans to reserve remaining tickets for students, over , tickets had been sold for the event.

Guinness World Records , using a count of ticketed fans who actually entered the stadium instead of UM's figure of tickets sold, announced a final figure of , The record was approached but not broken at the NHL Winter Classic , which also held at Michigan Stadium, with the Detroit Red Wings as the home team and the Toronto Maple Leafs as the opposing team with an announced crowd of , Number of registered hockey players, including male, female and junior, provided by the respective countries' federations.

Note that this list only includes the 38 of 81 IIHF member countries with more than 1, registered players as of October Pond hockey is a form of ice hockey played generally as pick-up hockey on lakes, ponds and artificial outdoor rinks during the winter.

Pond hockey is commonly referred to in hockey circles as shinny. Its rules differ from traditional hockey because there is no hitting and very little shooting, placing a greater emphasis on skating, stickhandling and passing abilities.

Sledge hockey is an adaption of ice hockey designed for players who have a physical disability.

Players are seated in sleds and use a specialized hockey stick that also helps the player navigate on the ice.

The sport was created in Sweden in the early s, and is played under similar rules to ice hockey. Ice hockey is the official winter sport of Canada.

Ice hockey, partially because of its popularity as a major professional sport, has been a source of inspiration for numerous films, television episodes and songs in North American popular culture.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Ice hockey disambiguation. The Toronto Maple Leafs white defend their goal against the Washington Capitals red during the first round of the Stanley Cup playoffs.

Main article: Penalty ice hockey. Main article: Official ice hockey. Main article: Ice hockey equipment. Main article: Checking ice hockey.

Main articles: Shot ice hockey , Slapshot , Wrist shot , Snap shot ice hockey , Backhand slapshot , Offside ice hockey , Extra attacker , and Deke ice hockey.

Main article: Fighting in ice hockey. See also: Canadian women's ice hockey history and History of women's ice hockey in the United States.

Main article: List of ice hockey leagues. Main article: List of ice hockey games with highest attendance.

Main article: Pond hockey. Main article: Sledge hockey. Main article: Ice hockey in popular culture. Ice hockey portal. Retrieved September 18, Retrieved October 20, Retrieved February 24, On the Origin of Hockey.

Guinness World Records. Foedera, conventiones, literae, et cujuscumque generis acta publica, inter reges Angliae, et alios quosvis imperatores, reges, pontifices ab anno Book 3, part 2, p.

Survey of London. Book 1, pp. Sport and the Making of Britain. Manchester University Press. England Hockey.

Retrieved May 8, Society for International Hockey Research. May 17, Retrieved June 2, The Queen's University Journal. Retrieved June 21, Birthplace of Hockey.

Archived from the original on August 6, Retrieved May 10, From Thomas Raddall to Douglas M. Fisher, January 25, MS Nova Scotia Legislature.

Retrieved August 1, Shinny USA. Retrieved October 16, Retrieved February 5, Hockey Origin Publishing.

July 2, Archived from the original on September 30, The Gazette. Montreal, Quebec. March 3, February 7, On His Own Side of the Puck.

Archived from the original on October 4, Retrieved October 11, A picture of this trophy can be seen at McCord. McCord Museum.

December 9, Archived from the original on May 15, RMC Hockey". Archived from the original on February 21, Retrieved February 14, Lord Stanley's Cup.

Triumph Books. Catharines Standard. Archived from the original on October 18, Retrieved October 18, The Canadian Encyclopedia.

Historical Foundation of Canada. Hockey Founder" Press release. Yale University. March 12, Archived from the original on March 20, The Hockey Writers.

Retrieved May 6, Retrieved February 13, Archived from the original on July 19, September 5, Archived from the original on January 2, Retrieved March 18, The Madison Square Garden Company.

Retrieved February 23, Archived from the original PDF on March 19, Official Rules —07 PDF.

Chicago: Triumph Books. Archived from the original PDF on March 3, National Hockey League. Archived from the original PDF on October 25, Retrieved October 19, Archived from the original PDF on May 12, January The American Journal of Sports Medicine.

Hughston Clinic. Archived from the original on August 22, Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, n.

March 4, Archived from the original on August 13, Retrieved August 2, Toronto Star. March 17, Retrieved February 8, Archived from the original on September 27, Retrieved December 4, April 26, February 10, March 23, November 23, International Ice Hockey Federation.

Archived from the original PDF on December 10, Retrieved December 28, Archived from the original PDF on October 21, Canadian Woman Studies.

Archived from the original on January 16, Team USA Hockey. Retrieved May 9, Marquette Iron Rangers. Archived from the original on July 14, Pro Hockey News.

Retrieved April 11, August 22, Retrieved April 6, Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved April 6, — via Press Reader. Toronto, Ontario: Viking.

National Women's Hockey League. Retrieved April 24, Canadian Women's Hockey League. Minnesota Whitecaps. Archived from the original on May 16, Retrieved May 15, May 10, Retrieved May 5, Archived from the original on April 5, Archived from the original on May 17, University of Michigan Athletic Department.

May 6, Archived from the original on May 26, Retrieved July 25, Archived from the original on January 25, Retrieved December 16, Associated Press.

December 11, Retrieved December 12, The New York Times. Retrieved October 15, Sports Illustrated. Modern field hockey sticks are constructed of a composite of wood, glass fibre or carbon fibre sometimes both and are J-shaped, with a curved hook at the playing end, a flat surface on the playing side and a curved surface on the rear side.

All sticks are right-handed — left-handed sticks are not permitted. While field hockey in its current form appeared in midth century England , primarily in schools, it was not until the first half of the 19th century that it became firmly established.

The first club was created in at Blackheath in south-east London. Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan.

Ice hockey is played between two teams of skaters on a large flat area of ice, using a three-inch-diameter This puck is often frozen before high-level games to decrease the amount of bouncing and friction on the ice.

The game is played all over North America, Europe and to varying extents in many other countries around the world. Ice hockey is the national sport of Latvia [17] and the national winter sport of Canada.

Men's ice hockey has been played at the Winter Olympics since , and was in the Summer Olympics. Women's ice hockey was added to the Winter Olympics in North America 's National Hockey League NHL is the strongest professional ice hockey league, drawing top ice hockey players from around the globe.

The NHL rules are slightly different from those used in Olympic ice hockey over many categories.

International ice hockey rules were adopted from Canadian rules in the early s. The contemporary sport developed in Canada from European and native influences.

These included various stick and ball games similar to field hockey, bandy and other games where two teams push a ball or object back and forth with sticks.

These were played outdoors on ice under the name "hockey" in England throughout the 19th century, and even earlier under various other names.

The first organized and recorded game of ice hockey was played indoors in Montreal, Quebec , Canada, on March 3, , and featured several McGill University students.

Ice hockey sticks are long L-shaped sticks made of wood, graphite , or composites with a blade at the bottom that can lie flat on the playing surface when the stick is held upright and can legally curve either way, for left - or right-handed players.

Ice sledge hockey or para ice hockey is a form of ice hockey designed for players with physical disabilities affecting their lower bodies.

Players sit on double-bladed sledges and use two sticks; each stick has a blade at one end and small picks at the other.

Players use the sticks to pass, stickhandle and shoot the puck, and to propel their sledges. The rules are very similar to IIHF ice hockey rules.

Canada is a recognized international leader in the development of sledge hockey, and much of the equipment for the sport was first developed there, such as sledge hockey sticks laminated with fiberglass , as well as aluminum shafts with hand-carved insert blades and special aluminum sledges with regulation skate blades.

Based on ice sledge hockey, inline sledge hockey is played to the same rules as inline puck hockey essentially ice hockey played off-ice using inline skates.

There is no classification point system dictating who can play inline sledge hockey, unlike the situation with other team sports such as wheelchair basketball and wheelchair rugby.

Inline sledge hockey is being developed to allow everyone, regardless of whether they have a disability or not, to complete up to world championship level based solely on talent and ability.

Matt Lloyd is credited with inventing inline sledge hockey, and Great Britain is seen as the international leader in the game's development.

Inline hockey is a variation of roller hockey very similar to ice hockey , from which it is derived.

Inline hockey is played by two teams, consisting of four skaters and one goalie, on a dry rink divided into two halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink.

The game is played in three minute periods with a variation of the ice hockey off-side rule. Icings are also called, but are usually referred to as illegal clearing.

Roller hockey, also known as quad hockey, international-style ball hockey, rink hockey and Hoquei em Patins, is an overarching name for a roller sport that has existed since long before inline skates were invented.

This sport is played in over sixty countries and has a worldwide following. Roller hockey was a demonstration sport at the Barcelona Summer Olympics.

Also known as road hockey, this is a dry-land variant of ice and roller hockey played year-round on a hard surface usually asphalt.

A ball is usually used instead of a puck, and protective equipment is not usually worn. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the sport. For other uses, see Hockey disambiguation. Main article: Bandy. Main article: Field hockey. Main article: Ice hockey.

Main article: Ice sledge hockey. Main article: Roller in-line hockey. Main article: Roller hockey quad.

Main article: Street hockey. The Oxford Paperback Dictionary 4th ed. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

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